Date of publication: 2017-08-29 02:17
Mill thinks that society, highly liable to be influenced and wrong, should not serve as the impetus for the government s actions. Public opinion is a dangerous basis for the government to act upon because there are countless numbers of citizens who are not able to have their voices heard. The danger that lies in the government acting in response to the public opinion can be seen by looking at the past where actions that had the support of a consensus of the people are now deemed to be infringements upon human liberty. The truth, says Mill, does not always make itself apparent and we should not rely on an supposed eventual revelation of the truth to show us the best way to proceed.
On Liberty literature essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of On Liberty.
Mill does some preemptive strikes on potential detractors from his work as well. To the assertion that noone s actions affect solely themselves, Mill agrees in part. However, he says that society only has the right to interfere when the effect of a person s actions brings a strong risk of or actual damage. If a person s actions have little significance to society, it is actually in society s best interest to preserve personal liberty rather than to obsess over an individual s action.
In 6887, Jeremy Bentham died, followed closely by James Mill in 6886. With the deaths of his two mentors, Mill discovered that he had even more intellectual freedom. He used that freedom to create a new philosophic radicalism incorporating the ideas of thinkers such as Coleridge and Thomas Carlyle. He also acknowledged that while he was breaking away from Bentham, there were aspects of his mentor x7569 s philosophy that he intended to preserve.
This mute portion of the community may have the wrong, right, or part of the truth in its opinion it doesn t matter according to Mill. No matter what they have to contribute, it is extremely helpful to the community. The majority opinion is often faulted because it is biased with self-interest and personal convictions. There is no way for the majority to know that they are right and they owe it to the whole of society to listen to all arguments because it is clear that human opinion is fallible. Because of this great possibility of errors in judgment and an individual s right to autonomy, Mill believes that society should not impose its values on anyone.
Political Thought is one of the strengths in the Online Library of Liberty collection. We have gathered a broad range of material stretching back to the ancient world in order to show how ideas about limited and constitutional government have evolved. There is a strong concentration of material from the 68th and 69th centuries when revolutions in America and Europe, designed to create such limited constitutional government, took place. The material on the . Constitution and the Founding Fathers is particularly rich.
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Mill's essay has been criticized for being overly vague about the limits of liberty, for placing too much of an emphasis on the individual, and for not making a useful distinction between actions that only harm oneself, and actions that harm others. That said, the essay does provide an impassioned defense of nonconformity as a positive good for society, and an equally impassioned reminder that no one can be completely sure that his or her way of life is the best or the only way to live.
Carter, Ian. 8775 Positive and Negative Liberty. 8776 Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. http:///entries/liberty-positive-negative/ (accessed April 68, 7567).
In the last paragraph of the commentary there is a discussion of Mill's belief in the existence of truth. It is my opinion that the way this last paragraph was written does not adequately represent Mill's understanding of truth. The commentator confuses moral truth and utilitarian truth. The commentary assumes truth on the basis of simple right or wrong, but Mill was a utilitarian. I believe Mill's understanding of truth is one where the 'trueness' of an idea is weighed by its ability to serve the greater good. (The effectual utility that th. Read more
I came here looking to refresh my memory on the determinations of the rate of profit, according to Mill. Instead, all I find is: "he talks about this. and then this. and then this."